Paper 1: Comparison between Rayleigh and Mie Scattering Assumptions for Z-R Relation and Rainfall Rate Estimation with TRMM/PR Data
Abstract: Comparison of the rain rate estimated with the assumptions of Rayleigh and Mie scattering is made. We analyzed the different relationships between the radar reflective factor and rain rate (so-called Z-R relationship) with both scattering models for different DSD (droplet size distribution) and rainfall types as the wavelength is 2.2cm which is in accord with the band of TRMM/PR. Meanwhile we introduced a discrete ordinates method to retrieve the Z-R relationship for Mie scattering assumption. It is found that the retrieval result can be represented as the sum of some simple Z-R relationships. By the analysis of the Z-R relationships estimated from Rayleigh and Mie scattering assumptions in the rain types, we found that the difference of Z-R relationships between Rayleigh and Mie scattering in the thunderstorm that represents the larger raindrop size is larger than that in the drizzle that represent the smaller raindrop size.
Keywords: TRMM/PR; Precipitation; Z-R Relation; Rainfall Rate; Rayleigh scattering; Mie scattering; Droplet size distribution; RadarReflectivity Factor;