Paper 1: Evaluating Sentiment Analysis Methods and Identifying Scope of Negation in Newspaper Articles
Abstract: Automatic detection of linguistic negation in free text is a demanding need for many text processing applications including Sentiment Analysis. Our system uses online news archives from two different resources namely NDTV and The Hindu. While dealing with news articles, we performed three subtasks namely identifying the target; separation of good and bad news content from the good and bad sentiment expressed on the target and analysis of clearly marked opinion that is expressed explicitly, not needing interpretation or the use of world knowledge. In this paper, our main focus was on evaluating and comparing three sentiment analysis methods (two machine learning based and one lexical based) and also identifying the scope of negation in news articles for two political parties namely BJP and UPA by using three existing methodologies. They were Rest of the Sentence (RoS), Fixed Window Length (FWL) and Dependency Analysis (DA). Among the sentiment methods the best F-measure was SVM with the values 0.688 and 0.657 for BJP and UPA respectively. On the other hand, the F measures for RoS, FWL and DA were 0.58, 0.69 and 0.75 respectively. We observed that DA was performing better than the other two. Among 1675 sentences in the corpus, according to annotator I, 1,137 were positive and 538 were negative whereas according to annotator II, 1,130 were positive and 545 were negative. Further we also identified the score of each sentence and calculated the accuracy on the basis of average score of both the annotators.
Keywords: Sentiment Analysis; Negation Identification; News Articles