Copyright Statement: This is an open access article licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, even commercially as long as the original work is properly cited.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) : 10.14569/IJACSA.2012.030808
Article Published in International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), Volume 3 Issue 8, 2012.
Abstract: In the real traffic situations, vehicle would make a braking as the response to avoid collision with another vehicle or avoid some obstacle like potholes, snow, or pedestrian that crosses the road unexpectedly. However, in some cases the spontaneous-braking may occur even though there are no obstacles in front of the vehicle. In some country, the reckless driving behaviors such as sudden-stop by public-buses, motorcycle which changing lane too quickly, or tailgating make the probability of braking getting increase. The new aspect of this paper is the simulation of braking behavior of the driver and presents the new Cellular Automata model for describing this characteristic. Moreover, this paper also examines the impact of lane-changing maneuvers to reduce the number of traffic congestion that caused by spontaneous-braking behavior of the vehicles.
Kohei Arai and Steven Ray Sentinuwo, “Spontaneous-braking and lane-changing effect on traffic congestion using cellular automata model applied to the two-lane traffic” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), 3(8), 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2012.030808