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Digital Object Identifier (DOI) : 10.14569/IJACSA.2013.040905
Article Published in International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), Volume 4 Issue 9, 2013.
Abstract: Fingerprint image segmentation is one of the important preprocessing steps in Automatic Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS). Segmentation separates image background from image foreground, removing unnecessary information from the image. This paper proposes a new fingerprint segmentation method using Haar wavelet and Kohonen’s Self Organizing Map (SOM). Fingerprint image was decomposed using 2D Haar wavelet in two levels. To generate features vectors, the decomposed image was divided into nonoverlapping blocks of 2x2 pixels and converted into four elements vectors. These vectors were then fed into SOM network that grouped them into foreground and background clusters. Finally, blocks in the background area were removed based on indexes of blocks in the background cluster. From the research that has been carried out, we conclude that the proposed method is effective to segment background from fingerprint images.
Sri Suwarno, Subanar, Agus Harjoko and Sri Hartati, “Fingerprint Image Segmentation Using Haar Wavelet and Self Organizing Map” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), 4(9), 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2013.040905