Copyright Statement: This is an open access article licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, even commercially as long as the original work is properly cited.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) : 10.14569/IJACSA.2015.060727
Article Published in International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), Volume 6 Issue 7, 2015.
Abstract: In this article, Load Frequency Control (LFC) of three area unequal interconnected thermal, wind and Hydro power generating units has been developed with Proportional-Integral (PI) controller under MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. Further, the PI controller gains values that optimized using trial and error method with two different objective functions, namely the Integral Time Square Error (ITSE) and the Integral Time Absolute Error (ITAE). The performance of ITAE objective function based PI controller is compared with the ITSE objective function optimized PI controller. Analysis reveals that the ITSE optimized controller gives more superior performance than ITAE based controller during one percent Step Load Perturbation (1% SLP) in area 1 (thermal area). In addition, Proportional–Integral –Derivative (PID) controller is employed to improve the same power system performance. The controller gain values are optimized using Artificial Intelligence technique based Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithm. The simulation performance compares the ACO-PID controller to the conventional PI. The results proved that the proposed optimization technique based the ACO-PID controller provides a superior control performance compared to the PI controller. As the system using the ACO-PID controller yield minimum overshoot, undershoot and settling time compared to the conventional PI controlled equipped system performance.
K. Jagatheesan, B. Anand, Nilanjan Dey and Amira S. Ashour, “Artificial Intelligence in Performance Analysis of Load Frequency Control in Thermal-Wind-Hydro Power Systems” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), 6(7), 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2015.060727