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Digital Object Identifier (DOI) : 10.14569/IJACSA.2016.070192
Article Published in International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), Volume 7 Issue 1, 2016.
Abstract: To improve single-handed operation of mobile de-vices, the use of rear touch panel has potential for user interac-tions. In this paper, a basic study of operational control simply achieved through drag and tap of the index finger on a rear touch panel is conducted. Since a user has to hold the handheld device firmly with the thumb and fingers, a movable range of the tip of an index finger is limited. This restriction requires a user to perform several times of dragging actions to reach a cursor to the long distance target. Considering such kinematic restriction, a technique optimized for rear operation is proposed, wherein not only the position but also the velocity of fingertip movement is regarded. Movement time, the number of dragging operation, and the throughputs of the proposed technique have been evaluated in comparison with the generic technique using Fitts’s law. Experiments have been conducted to perform the target selection in the form of reciprocal 1D pointing tasks with ten participants. The combinations of two ways of holding the device (landscape and portrait) and two directions of dragging (horizontal and vertical) are considered. As a result, the proposed technique achieved the improvements of from 5 to 13% shorter movement time, from 20 to 40% higher throughputs and no deterioration of the number of dragging even for the longer distance targets. In addition, the further analysis addressed that there exists the advantageous combinations of the way of holding and the direction of dragging, which would be beneficial for better design of single-handed user interactions using rear touch.
Yoshikazu Onuki and Itsuo Kumazawa, “Single-Handed Cursor Control Technique Optimized for Rear Touch Operation and Its Usability” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), 7(1), 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2016.070192