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Digital Object Identifier (DOI) : 10.14569/IJACSA.2017.081237
Article Published in International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), Volume 8 Issue 12, 2017.
Abstract: Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) has become an integral part in logistic operations which determines optimal routes for several vehicles to serve customers. The basic version of VRP is Capacitated VRP (CVRP) which considers equal capacities for all vehicles. The objective of CVRP is to minimize the total traveling distance of all vehicles to serve all the customers. Various methods are used to solve CVRP, among them the most popular way is splitting the task into two different phases: assigning customers under different vehicles and then finding optimal route of each vehicle. Sweep clustering algorithm is well studied for clustering nodes. On the other hand, route optimization is simply a traveling salesman problem (TSP) and a number of TSP optimization methods are applied for this purpose. In Sweep, cluster formation staring angle is identified as an element of CVRP performance. In this study, a heuristic approach is developed to identify appropriate starting angle in Sweep clustering. The proposed heuristic approach considers angle difference of consecutive nodes and distance between the nodes as well as distances from the depot. On the other hand, velocity tentative particle swarm optimization (VTPSO), the most recent TSP method, is considered for route optimization. Finally, proposed adaptive Sweep (i.e., Sweep with proposed heuristic) plus VTPSO is tested on a large number of benchmark CVRP problems and is revealed as an effective CVRP solving method while outcomes compared with other prominent methods.
M. A. H. Akhand, Zahrul Jannat Peya and Kazuyuki Murase, “Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem Solving using Adaptive Sweep and Velocity Tentative PSO” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA), 8(12), 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2017.081237