Copyright Statement: This is an open access article licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, even commercially as long as the original work is properly cited.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) : 10.14569/IJARAI.2012.010404
Article Published in International Journal of Advanced Research in Artificial Intelligence(IJARAI), Volume 1 Issue 4, 2012.
Abstract: This paper presents a comparison of different data imputation approaches used in filling missing data and proposes a combined approach to estimate accurately missing attribute values in a patient database. The present study suggests a more robust technique that is likely to supply a value closer to the one that is missing for effective classification and diagnosis. Initially data is clustered and z-score method is used to select possible values of an instance with missing attribute values. Then multiple imputation method using LSSVM (Least Squares Support Vector Machine) is applied to select the most appropriate values for the missing attributes. Five imputed datasets have been used to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method. Experimental results show that our method outperforms conventional methods of multiple imputation and mean substitution. Moreover, the proposed method CZLSSVM (Clustered Z-score Least Square Support Vector Machine) has been evaluated in two classification problems for incomplete data. The efficacy of the imputation methods have been evaluated using LSSVM classifier. Experimental results indicate that accuracy of the classification is increases with CZLSSVM in the case of missing attribute value estimation. It is found that CZLSSVM outperforms other data imputation approaches like decision tree, rough sets and artificial neural networks, K-NN (K-Nearest Neighbour) and SVM. Further it is observed that CZLSSVM yields 95 per cent accuracy and prediction capability than other methods included and tested in the study.
T R Sivapriya, A.R.Nadira Banu Kamal and V.Thavavel, “Imputation And Classification Of Missing Data Using Least Square Support Vector Machines – A New Approach In Dementia Diagnosis” International Journal of Advanced Research in Artificial Intelligence(IJARAI), 1(4), 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.14569/IJARAI.2012.010404