Paper 1: Anomaly Detection using Unsupervised Methods: Credit Card Fraud Case Study
Abstract: The usage of credit card has increased dramatically due to a rapid development of credit cards. Consequently, credit card fraud and the loss to the credit card owners and credit cards companies have been increased dramatically. Credit card Supervised learning has been widely used to detect anomaly in credit card transaction records based on the assumption that the pattern of a fraud would depend on the past transaction. However, unsupervised learning does not ignore the fact that the fraudsters could change their approaches based on customers’ behaviors and patterns. In this study, three unsupervised methods were presented including autoencoder, one-class support vector machine, and robust Mahalanobis outlier detection. The dataset used in this study is based on real-life data of credit card transaction. Due to the availability of the response, fraud labels, after training the models the performance of each model was evaluated. The performance of these three methods is discussed extensively in the manuscript. For one-class SVM and auto encoder, the normal transaction labels were used for training. However, the advantages of robust Mahalanobis method over these methods is that it does not need any label for its training.
Keywords: Credit card fraud; anomaly detection; SVM; Mahalanobis distance; autoencoder; unsupervised techniques