Paper 1: Rain Attenuation in 5G Wireless Broadband Backhaul Link and Develop (IoT) Rainfall Monitoring System
Abstract: Climate change is the cause of more frequent and intense rainfall where they affect wireless communications because they cause severe weakening of the power of the emitted signal. These losses reduce network coverage and, therefore, system availability. The proposed solution is to integrate an Internet of Things (IoT) rainfall monitoring system where it will be able to collect real-time data on the height of rain that erupts in a particular place. This data will help areas where base stations install and the distance of the link that may need to be changed to reduce rainfall's harmful effects. So, the prediction of attenuation due to rain is an essential parameter in both terrestrial and satellite connections. The present study uses the ITU-R P 838 and ITU-R P 530 models to theoretically calculate losses in a 5G wireless broadband link with 99.9% link availability. This study conducts three frequency bands, 24 GHz, 28 GHz, and 38GHz, in Palo Alto, California. The travel distance is 5km, while the rainfall rate for the analyzed area is in zone D. The results show that the attenuations are proportional to the frequency, polarization, and rainfall rate.
Keywords: Rain attenuation; Internet of Things; wireless broadband